Shorefishes of the Eastern Pacific online information system

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Species: Bodianus eclancheri, Galapagos hogfish, Harlequin hogfish, Harlequin wrasse

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irregular mix of black/grey/ orange
juvenile: white + 3 black stripes

Bodianus eclancheri (Valenciennes, 1846)

Harlequin hogfish, Harlequin wrasse, Galapagos hogfish

Body robust, compressed; large males with pronounced hump between eyes; snout pointed; a canine tooth at rear of top jaw, 2 pairs of strong canines at front of top and bottom jaws; dorsal fin XII, 10; anal fin III, 11-12; adult  males with long filaments on tail fin lobes; pectoral rays 17; lateral line unbroken, smoothly arched; scales large, 31-33 with pores on lateral line.

Adult coloration extremely variable from uniformly dark grey or brownish to bright orange or white with highly irregular and variable pattern of black blotching; juveniles pale yellow to white with 3 black stripes on head and body; median fins with black margins.

Size: grows to about 61 cm.

Habitat: rocky reefs.

Depth: 5-45 m.

Ecuador to central Chile, also Galapagos Islands; in the Galapagos it is usually seen on rocky reefs in the cooler waters of the western islands (Isabela and Fernandina).

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom + water column
  • Near Bottom
  • Bottom
  • Reef only
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Rocks
  • Water column
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Data
  • Carnivore
  • Sea-stars/cucumbers/urchins
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
  • Mobile benthic worms
  • Data
Egg Type
  • Pelagic larva
  • No data
  • Pelagic
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • TEP non-endemic
  • East Pacific endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • Temperate Eastern Pacific, primarily
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic
  • Island (s)
  • Peruvian province, primarily
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • South Temperate (Peruvian Province )
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Least concern
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 61
Depth Range Min
  • 5
Depth Range Max
  • 45