Shorefishes of the Eastern Pacific online information system

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Species: Oxycirrhites typus, Longnose hawkfish

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snout very long, thin
white + red stripes & bars

Oxycirrhites typus Bleeker, 1857

Longnose hawkfish

Body slender, moderately compressed; snout very long (~ ½ head length); upper head profile slightly concave; a fringe of cirri on rear edge of front nostril; mouth moderately large; a row of small canines on jaws with a band of simple teeth inside those; teeth on center but not sides of roof of mouth;  operculum with 2 flat spines; preopercle strongly serrated;  dorsal fin X, 13, continuous, slightly notched between spines and rays,  membranes between spines deeply indented, each spine with 2-4 cirri at the tip; anal fin III, 7; tail fin bluntly straight edged; lower 5-6 rays of the pectoral stout, with membranes deeply notched, distinctly longer than other rays, used for perching on the bottom; pelvic I, 5, its origin behind pectoral base; scales smooth, 51-53 on lateral line; no scales between eyes; 3 rows of large scales on cheek.

Whitish with horizontal and vertical red bands forming a cross-hatch pattern.

Size: to 13 cm.

Habitat: generally seen perched on gorgonians or black coral at depths below 20 m, although associates with small gorgonians in as little as 5 m of water at some eastern Pacific sites.

Depth: 5-100 m.

Widely distributed in the Indo- Pacific; the tip of Baja and the central Gulf of California to Colombia, as well as the Revillagigedos, Galapagos, Cocos and Malpelo.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom only
  • Bottom
  • Rocks
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Reef only
  • Corals
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Planktivore
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Pelagic crustacea
  • Data
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Zooplankton
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • No data
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • Indo-Pacific only (Indian + Pacific Oceans)
  • All Pacific (West + Central + East)
  • "Transpacific" (East + Central &/or West Pacific)
  • All species
  • TEP non-endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • Island (s)
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic
  • All species
  • Eastern Pacific non-endemic
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos)
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
  • Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 13
Depth Range Min
  • 5
Depth Range Max
  • 100