Shorefishes of the Eastern Pacific online information system

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Species: Cynoscion parvipinnis, Shortfin weakfish, Shortfin corvina

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D VII-VIII + I, 21-23
inside operculum & pectoral base dark
in mouth orange, dark crescent behind lower teeth
pectoral 15-16, < pelvic
all scales rough
D2 & A thin basal scale sheath

Cynoscion parvipinnis Ayres, 1861

Shortfin corvina, Shortfin weakfish

Elongate, robust, compressed, oval cross-section; head long, pointed; mouth oblique, long, extends beyond hind margin of eye, lower jaw projecting; front of top jaws with 1 pair of large pointed canines; no barbels or pores on chin; 7-9 lower gill rakers; margin of preopercle smooth; dorsal with long base, a small gap separating the two parts, VII-IX + I, 21-23; anal II, 10-11; pectoral fins 15-16, short, end well before pelvic tip; rear margin of tail slightly concave; head and body scales  almost all rough, smooth under dorsal and pectoral fins; soft dorsal & anal fins with a narrow sheath at base of fin; 65-75 scales on lateral line; lateral line scales smaller than adjacent scales, with small accessory scales; lateral line arched anteriorly and becoming straight near level of soft dorsal fin origin.

Color silvery, blue-grey dorsally; pectoral fin axil dusky; inside of mouth yellow orange, with a dark crescent behind front lower teeth; inside operculum dark.

Size: grows to 60 cm.

Inhabits inshore areas, usually off sandy beaches.

Depth: 1-101 m.

Southern California to the Gulf of California.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Near Bottom
  • Bottom
  • Mid Water
  • Bottom + water column
  • Sand & gravel
  • Water column
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Data
  • Carnivore
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
Egg Type
  • Pelagic larva
  • No data
  • Pelagic
Global Endemism
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
  • All species
  • East Pacific endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent only
  • TEP endemic
  • Continent
  • Cortez + Mexican provinces endemic
  • All species
  • Continental TEP endemic
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California)
  • Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos)
  • Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap)
IUCN Red List
  • Data deficient
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Depth Range Max
  • 101
Depth Range Min
  • 1
Length Max
  • 60