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Species: Nebris occidentalis, Pacific small-eye croaker

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head spongy
eye very small
elongate, rounded
mouth large, oblique, lower jaw projects

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Nebris occidentalis Vaillant, 1897

Pacific small-eye croaker

Body elongate, tapering to rear, rounded; head broad, skull bones very cavernous, spongy to touch; eye very small, 8.0-10.0 in head length; edge of preopercle smooth; mouth opens at front large, oblique, lower jaw projecting; teeth small, villiform, in a narrow ridge on jaws; gill rakers 20-23; chin with 4 minute pores, no barbels; dorsal VI-VII + I, 28-31, large notch between spiny and soft parts; anal rays II, 11-13, spines weak; tail with angular point; scales small, smooth, covering dorsal and anal fins; pored lateral-line scales 45-59.

Silvery to pale tan on upper head and body; sides with brownish spotting; lower head with orange tint; fins dusky, except pelvics and anal yellowish; inside mouth yellow orange to white; young with broad vertical dark bars on side.

Size: attains at least 60 cm.

Inhabits coastal waters.

Depth: 1-30 m.

Southern Mexico to Peru; rarely the Galapagos.


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Salinity
  • Brackish
  • Marine
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom + water column
  • Bottom
  • Near Bottom
  • Mid Water
Habitat
  • Estuary
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Water column
FishBase Habitat
  • Bentho-Pelagic
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Planktivore
  • No Data
Diet
  • Bony fishes
  • Zooplankton
  • Pelagic crustacea
  • No Data
  • Pelagic fish larvae
Egg Type
  • No data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
  • East Pacific endemic
Regional Endemism
  • TEP endemic
  • Continent only
  • Continent
  • Continental TEP endemic
  • Mexican + Panamic provinces endemic
  • All species
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
  • South Temperate (Peruvian Province )
  • Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 60
Depth Range Min
  • 1
Depth Range Max
  • 30