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Species: Paralonchurus rathbuni, Bearded banded croaker, Blotched croaker

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

blotch behind operculum + 6-7 bars
D 28-30
chin: 9-10 pairs barbels
A 8-9

Paralonchurus rathbuni (Jordan & Bollman, 1890)

Bearded banded croaker, Blotched croaker

Body elongate, rounded; back narrow; head low, broad, blunt; snout bulbous, projecting beyond upper jaw;  eye large, 4.3-5.0 in head length; mouth inferior, slightly oblique; teeth in villiform bands, outer row slightly enlarged; chin and lower jaw with row of 9-10 slender barbels along inside; top lip notched; gill rakers small, 12-15; margin of preopercle finely serrated; dorsal with deep notch separating spiny and soft parts, X + I, 28-29, soft part long and low; anal small, with II small spines, 8-9;  pectoral fins short, 1.5-1.8 in head; tail with short blunt central point; pored lateral-line scales 53-55; soft dorsal and anal fins with basal scaly sheath; scales on operculum rough.

Silvery white, back with 6-7 dusky blackish bars extending onto lower side, a large blackish blotch just behind upper corner of operculum; fins dusky, except pelvics and anal whitish; inside operculum dark.

Size: attains at least 30 cm.

Inhabits coastal waters.

Depth: 1-30 m?

Nayarit in the SE Gulf of California to Peru.

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  • Brackish
  • Marine
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom only
  • Bottom
  • Estuary
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
  • Beach
  • Sand & gravel
FishBase Habitat
  • Bentho-Pelagic
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Data
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Mobile benthic worms
Egg Type
  • Pelagic larva
  • Pelagic
  • No data
Global Endemism
  • East Pacific endemic
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
  • All species
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • TEP endemic
  • Mexican + Panamic provinces endemic
  • Continent only
  • All species
  • Continental TEP endemic
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap)
  • South Temperate (Peruvian Province )
  • Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos)
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 30
Depth Range Min
  • 1
Depth Range Max
  • 30