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Species: Paralonchurus petersii, Buefin croaker, Peters' banded croaker

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

all dark, no bars
C: pointed, longer below
chin 22-24 barbels
pectoral very large, black

Paralonchurus petersii Bocourt, 1869

Peters' banded croaker, Buefin croaker

Body elongate, rounded; back narrow; head low, broad, blunt; snout bulbous, projecting beyond upper jaw;  eye very small, about 9.0-10.0 in head length; mouth inferior, moderately oblique; teeth in villiform bands, outer row notably enlarged; chin and lower jaw with row of 22-24 slender barbels along inside; top lip notched; gill rakers small, 15-16; margin of preopercle finely serrated; dorsal with deep notch separating spiny and soft parts, X + I, 30-31, soft part long and low; anal small, with II small spines, 7; pectoral fins very large, longer than head, reaching to origin of anal fin or beyond; tail margin pointed, the longest rays below middle of fin; pored lateral-line scales 48-51; soft dorsal and anal fins with basal scaly sheath; scales on operculum smooth.

Dusky blackish without bars, whitish on ventral parts; fins dusky, pectorals, pelvics, anal and tail fins black.

Size: grows to at least 38 cm.

Inhabits coastal waters.

Depth: 1-30 m?

Guatemala to Ecuador.

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  • Marine Only
  • Marine
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
  • Sand & gravel
  • Beach
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Data
  • Carnivore
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Data
  • Mobile benthic worms
Egg Type
  • Pelagic larva
  • Pelagic
  • No data
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • East Pacific endemic
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continental TEP endemic
  • TEP endemic
  • Continent
  • All species
  • Continent only
  • Panamic province endemic
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 38
Depth Range Min
  • 1
Depth Range Max
  • 30