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Species: Paralonchurus peruanus, Peruvian banded croaker

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7-8 bars
D: 25-27
C: S shape
chin: 12-15 barbels
inside operculum dark
A 8-9

Paralonchurus peruanus (Steindachner, 1875)

Peruvian banded croaker

Body elongate, rounded; back narrow; head low, broad, blunt; snout bulbous, projecting beyond upper jaw; mouth inferior, ~ horizontal; teeth in villiform bands, none notably enlarged; chin and lower jaw with row of 12-15 slender barbels along inside; top lip notched; gill rakers small, 20-25; margin of preopercle finely serrated; dorsal with deep notch separating spiny and soft parts, X + I, 25-27, soft part long and low; anal small, with II small spines, 8-9; pectoral narrow, pointed; tail fin S-shaped, the longest rays below middle of fin; pored lateral-line scales 53-57; soft dorsal and anal fins with basal scaly sheath on inner quarter; scales on operculum rough.

Body and head pale grey with coppery reflections, lighter below; 7-8 faint dark bars on upper 2/3 of body and tail base; fins pale, pelvics and anal darker; inside gill chamber dark.

Size: 45 cm.

Habitat: shallow sandy coasts and bays.

Depth: 1-30 m?

Panamá to northern Chile.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom only
  • Bottom
Habitat
  • Beach
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
  • Sand & gravel
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
Diet
  • Mobile benthic worms
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Data
Egg Type
  • Pelagic larva
  • No data
  • Pelagic
Global Endemism
  • TEP non-endemic
  • All species
  • East Pacific endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent only
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic
  • Peruvian province, primarily
  • Temperate Eastern Pacific, primarily
  • All species
  • Continent
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
  • South Temperate (Peruvian Province )
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 45
Depth Range Min
  • 1
Depth Range Max
  • 30