Shorefishes of the Eastern Pacific online information system

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Species: Umbrina bussingi, Big-eye drum, Bigeye croaker, Bussing's drum

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

body oval
large eye
D 21-23
C: S or blunt point
grey, no stripes
inside operculum black
pectoral long
A: 2nd spine thick, ~ 1st ray

Umbrina bussingi López, 1980

Bigeye croaker, Bussing's drum, Big-eye drum

Body moderately elongate, somewhat compressed, oval, both profiles convex; back high; head low, broad, conical; eye large; snout ~ eye; mouth ~ horizontal, under projecting snout; chin with 1 short, thick rigid barbel with a pore at its tip, and 2 pairs of pores beside its base; teeth in bands on each jaw, outer row on top jaw larger; 20 (17-22) gill rakers; preopercle finely serrated; dorsal fin with a deep notch, X + I, 22 (21-23), spines slender, second dorsal long base; anal small, II, 7 rays, 2nd  spine thick, almost as long as 1st  ray; pectorals long, pointed, longer than pelvics, 18 (17-19) rays; tail S shaped or with angular point; scales rough on head and body, smooth on fins; bases of soft dorsal and anal fins with scaly sheath; lateral line scales 45-49.

Body uniform dark silver grey, fins dusky; inside mouth and gill chamber black.

Size: 39 cm.

Habitat: sandy bottoms.

Depth: 30-185 m.

The mouth of the Gulf of California to Colombia.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Near Bottom
  • Bottom + water column
  • Bottom
  • Sand & gravel
  • Water column
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
FishBase Habitat
  • Bentho-Pelagic
Feeding Group
  • No Data
  • Carnivore
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Data
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Mobile benthic worms
Egg Type
  • No data
  • Pelagic larva
  • Pelagic
Global Endemism
  • East Pacific endemic
  • All species
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
Regional Endemism
  • TEP endemic
  • 3 provinces (Cortez + Mexican + Panamic) endemic
  • Continental TEP endemic
  • Continent
  • All species
  • Continent only
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
  • Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap)
  • Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 39
Depth Range Min
  • 30
Depth Range Max
  • 185