Shorefishes of the Eastern Pacific online information system

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Species: Umbrina analis, Long-spine drum, Longspine croaker

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

oblique lines on scale rows
D 24-26
A 2nd spine = 1st ray
C: straight
inside operculum pale
pectoral 17
pelvics yellowish
A: 6; 2nd spine thick, = 1st ray

Umbrina analis Günther, 1868

Longspine croaker, Long-spine drum

Body oblong, moderately elongate, somewhat compressed, lower body profile ~ horizontal; back high, strongly curved at front; head low, broad, conical; snout > eye; mouth ~ horizontal, under projecting snout; chin with 1 short, thick rigid barbel with a pore at its tip, and 2 pairs of pores beside its base; teeth in bands on each jaw, outer row on top jaw larger; 17 (16-18) gill rakers; preopercle finely serrated; dorsal fin with a deep notch, X + I, 24-26, spines slender, second dorsal long base; anal small, II, 6 rays, 2nd  spine thick, as long as 1st  ray; pectoral short, 17 (16-18) rays; tail with straight edge; scales rough on head and body, smooth on fins; bases of soft dorsal and anal fins with scaly sheath; lateral line scales 46-50.

Silver; body with distinct, undulating oblique dark lines along scale rows; fins grey; anal and pelvics pale yellowish; inner lining of gill cover pale to lightly dotted.

Size: 35 cm.

Habitat: demersal, inshore, bays, surfline; sandy bottoms.

Depth: 1-50 m.

The tip of Baja and the SW Gulf of California to Colombia.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom + water column
  • Near Bottom
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Water column
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom only
  • Beach
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Data
  • Carnivore
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Data
  • Mobile benthic worms
Egg Type
  • No data
  • Pelagic larva
  • Pelagic
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • East Pacific endemic
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continental TEP endemic
  • 3 provinces (Cortez + Mexican + Panamic) endemic
  • Continent
  • All species
  • Continent only
  • TEP endemic
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap)
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
  • Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos)
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Least concern
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 35
Depth Range Min
  • 1
Depth Range Max
  • 50