Shorefishes of the Eastern Pacific online information system

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Species: Pareques viola, Gungo highhat, Lined highhat

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dark grey
juvenile: 4 thick + 3 thin stripes
D: IX + I, 40-41
operculum: scales rough
17 gill rakers

Pareques viola (Gilbert in Jordan & Evermann, 1898)

Gungo highhat, Lined highhat

Body oblong, deep, back strongly arched; snout overhangs horizontal mouth; top jaw notched, encloses lower; chin with 5 pores, no barbels; 17 short gill rakers; preopercle weakly serrated; dorsal fin with long base, deep notch between spiny and soft parts, spiny part high,  bluntly pointed, IX+ I, 40-41; anal fin with short base, II, 7, 2nd  spine thick, a little shorter than 1st ray; pectoral short; tail fin rounded; scales rough including on operculum; 50-56 lateral line scales; inner 2/3 of soft dorsal and anal fins covered with thick sheaths of scales.

Charcoal grey; mouth whitish; 1st dorsal black at front; fins without white borders; juveniles white with 4 thick + 3 thin black stripes and black bars on the spinous dorsal and pelvic fins, the stripes increase in number in larger juveniles, but gradually disappear in subadults.

Maximum size to 25 cm.

Inhabits rocky coastal reefs; adults are secretive, emerging from crevices at dusk to feed during the night; juveniles form small aggregations close to shelter.

Depth: 3-35 m.

Panama to Peru.

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  • Marine Only
  • Marine
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
  • Rocks
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Reef only
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • No data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
  • East Pacific endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • All species
  • Continental TEP endemic
  • TEP endemic
  • Panamic province endemic
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 25
Depth Range Min
  • 3
Depth Range Max
  • 35