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Species: Ctenosciaena peruviana, Peruvian barbel drum

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

elongate oval
head large, spongy
body - dark blotches
D - black margin
C: blunt point
chin: 1 thin flexible, pore-less barbel
A II small spines

Ctenosciaena peruviana Chirichigno, 1969

Peruvian barbel drum

Body oblong, compressed; head large, cavernous, soft to touch; eye large; snout short, pointed; mouth moderately large, opens slightly under snout, slightly oblique; chin with small central, thin, flexible, pore-less barbel, 2 pairs of pores beside barbel; 23-28 gill rakers; preopercle finely serrated, membranous; dorsal XI, 19-22, spiny part high, 4th spine highest, deep notch between 2 parts; anal with II weak spines, 2nd  ~ ¾ length of 1st  ray, 8-9; pectoral 16-18 rays, reaches past tip of pelvic; tail with a blunt angular point; scales large, rough on body, smooth on head, 35-39 on LL.

Silvery grey; back and sides with large dark blotches; inside opercle black, visible outside; spiny dorsal with wide black border, rest of fins grey.

Size: 16 cm.

Habitat: demersal on sandy and mud bottoms.

Depth: 20-325 m.

Ecuador to northern Peru.

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  • Marine Only
  • Marine
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom + water column
  • Near Bottom
  • Bottom
  • Soft bottom only
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Water column
  • Mud
FishBase Habitat
  • Bentho-Pelagic
Feeding Group
  • No Data
  • Planktivore
  • Pelagic fish eggs
  • Pelagic fish larvae
  • Data
  • Zooplankton
  • Pelagic crustacea
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
  • No data
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • East Pacific endemic
  • TEP non-endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent only
  • Continent
  • All species
  • Peruvian province, primarily
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic
  • Temperate Eastern Pacific, primarily
  • Vagrant
Climate Zone
  • South Temperate (Peruvian Province )
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Data deficient
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 16
Depth Range Min
  • 20
Depth Range Max
  • 325