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Species: Stellifer pizarroensis, Pizarro stardrum

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

head spongy
snout v short; eye -large oval
scales smooth - front D to LL
chin: 4 pores, central ridge
preopercle: 2 spines
50-57 gill rakers
pectoral long
A 10-11

Stellifer pizarroensis Hildebrand, 1946

Pizarro stardrum

Body an elongate oval, very compressed; head large, broad, skull cavernous, translucent, very spongy to touch, wide between eyes; eyes large, vertical ovals; snout short, not projecting beyond upper jaw; mouth opens at front, strongly oblique; teeth in villiform bands, those in outer row of upper jaw enlarged; chin with 4 pores, a strong bony crest at front, no barbells; snout with 8 pores; margin of preopercle with 2 strong spines; gill rakers long and slender, 50-57; dorsal rays IX-X + II-III, 20-22, deep notch between spiny and soft parts of dorsal fin; anal fin with short base II, 10-11, 2nd  spine slender, 2/3 length of 1st  ray; pectorals long, pointed, reach past anus; pelvic fins without a filament; tail margin with a short, blunt point; scales rough on body, smooth on head, breast, and fins; smooth scales between lateral line and dorsal origin; soft dorsal and anal fins covered with smooth scales; lateral line pores 45-48.

Uniform silver grey, darker above; roof of mouth pale; upper surface of gill chamber dotted; tip of spiny dorsal dark; pectorals, pelvics and anal yellowish.

Size: 15 cm.

Habitat: coastal bays, on mud and sand bottoms.

Depth: 1-30 m?

Colombia to northern Peru.

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  • Brackish
  • Marine
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom only
  • Bottom
  • Beach
  • Mud
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom only
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
FishBase Habitat
  • Bentho-Pelagic
Feeding Group
  • Planktivore
  • Carnivore
  • No Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Zooplankton
  • Pelagic fish larvae
  • Pelagic fish eggs
  • No Data
Egg Type
  • Pelagic larva
  • No data
  • Pelagic
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
  • East Pacific endemic
Regional Endemism
  • TEP endemic
  • Panamic province endemic
  • Continental TEP endemic
  • All species
  • Continent only
  • Continent
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • South Temperate (Peruvian Province )
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Depth Range Max
  • 30
Depth Range Min
  • 1
Length Max
  • 15