Shorefishes of the Eastern Pacific online information system

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Species: Stellifer illecebrosus, Charcoal stardrum, Silver stardrum

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

head firm, snout overhanging
C: blunt point
preopercle: 9-12 spines
chin: 6 pores
pelvic with filament
17-21 gill rakers
A: 2nd spine 2/3 1st ray

Stellifer illecebrosus Gilbert in Jordan & Evermann, 1898

Silver stardrum, Charcoal stardrum

Body elongate, back high, more or less compressed; head large, low and broad, skull cavernous, translucent, but firm to touch, wide between eyes; eye 4.1-5.0 in head length; snout blunt, projecting slightly beyond upper jaw; mouth opens under snout, slight oblique; teeth in villiform bands, those in outer row of upper jaw enlarged; chin with 6 pores, front pair in a hole, no barbells; snout with 8 pores; margin of preopercle with 9-12 serrae or spines; gill rakers long and slender, 17-21; dorsal rays X-XI + II-III, 18-22, deep notch between spiny and soft parts of dorsal fin; anal fin with short base II, 11-12 (rarely 10), 2nd  spine strong, 2/3 length of 1st  ray; pelvic fins with a filament; tail margin with short blunt point; scales rough on body and head, smooth on snout, around eyes and on fins; soft dorsal and anal fins covered with smooth scales; lateral line pores 47-51.

Silvery, bluish grey on upper back; dorsal fin dusky; caudal fin dusky with yellow tinge; pectorals, pelvics, and anal yellowish.

Size: grows to at least 25 cm.

Inhabits coastal waters.

Depth: 1-30 m?

SE Gulf of Californian to Peru.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Brackish
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
Habitat
  • Estuary
  • Soft bottom only
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Mud
  • Sand & gravel
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Planktivore
  • Carnivore
  • Data
Diet
  • Zooplankton
  • Mobile benthic worms
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Data
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Pelagic fish eggs
  • Pelagic fish larvae
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • No data
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • East Pacific endemic
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
  • All species
Regional Endemism
  • Mexican + Panamic provinces endemic
  • TEP endemic
  • All species
  • Continent
  • Continent only
  • Continental TEP endemic
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos)
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 25
Depth Range Min
  • 1
Depth Range Max
  • 30