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Species: Stellifer fuerthii, White stardrum

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head firm, forehead concave
snout pointed, overhanging
C: blunt point or rounded
roof of mouth black
preopercle: 2 spines, lower points down
pelvics with filaments
5-6 scale rows- LL to D origin

Stellifer fuerthii (Steindachner, 1876)

White stardrum

Body elongate, more or less compressed; head large, low and broad, skull cavernous, translucent, but firm to touch, slightly concave over and wide between eyes; eye 3.7-4.5 in head length; snout blunt, projecting slightly beyond upper jaw; mouth opens under snout, slight oblique; teeth in villiform bands, those in outer row of upper jaw enlarged; chin with 6 pores, no barbells; snout with 8 pores; margin of preopercle with 2 strong spines at angle, lower one directed down and forwards; gill rakers long and slender, 31-39; dorsal rays IX-XI + I-II, 22-26, deep notch between spiny and soft parts of dorsal fin; anal fin with short base II, 8-9, 2nd  spine strong, > 80% length of 1st  ray; pelvic fins with a filament; tail margin with short blunt point or rounded; scales rough on body, smooth on head, breast and fins; soft dorsal and anal fins covered with smooth scales; 5-6 transverse rows of scales between front of dorsal fin and lateral line; lateral line pores 47-51.

Silvery, light grey on upper back; ventral parts white, sometimes with pinkish tinge; pectorals, pelvics and anal fins yellowish; roof of mouth black.

Size: reaches about 20 cm.

Inhabits coastal waters.

Depth: 1-30 m?

El Salvador to Peru.


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Salinity
  • Brackish
  • Marine
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
Habitat
  • Soft bottom only
  • Mud
  • Estuary
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Data
  • Carnivore
  • Planktivore
Diet
  • Mobile benthic worms
  • Zooplankton
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Data
  • Pelagic fish eggs
  • Pelagic fish larvae
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
  • No data
Global Endemism
  • East Pacific endemic
  • All species
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
Regional Endemism
  • All species
  • Continent
  • Continental TEP endemic
  • Panamic province endemic
  • TEP endemic
  • Continent only
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
  • South Temperate (Peruvian Province )
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 20
Depth Range Min
  • 1
Depth Range Max
  • 30