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Species: Stellifer ericymba, Chimbera stardrum, Hollow stardrum

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head spongy, forehead concave
C: long point
preopercle: 4-9 spines
chin: 4 pores
inside lower front teeth - black crescent
pelvic + filament
A 9
LL 47-50 pores

Stellifer ericymba (Jordan & Gilbert, 1882)

Hollow stardrum, Chimbera stardrum

Body oblong, robust, more or less compressed; head large, low and broad, skull cavernous, translucent, spongy to touch, concave over and wide between eyes; eye 4.4-4.8 in head length; snout blunt, not projecting beyond upper jaw; mouth opens at front, oblique; teeth in villiform bands, those in outer row of upper jaw enlarged; chin with 4 pores, no barbells, tip with small bony knob; snout with 8 pores; margin of preopercle with 4-9 piny serrations, those at angle enlarged but not directed downward; gill rakers long and slender, 28-36; dorsal rays X-XI + II-III, 20-23, deep notch between spiny and soft parts of dorsal fin; anal fin with short base II, 9 (rarely 8 or 10), 2nd  spine strong, ¾ as long as 1st  ray; pelvic fins with a short filament; tail margin with long central point; scales rough on body and head, smooth around eyes and fins; soft dorsal and anal fins covered with smooth scales; lateral line pores 47-50.

Silvery, bluish grey on upper back; dusky spotting and faint blackish stripes following scale rows; head dusky; spinous dorsal fin dusky with blackish tip, remaining fins slightly dusky; a black line inside front teeth of lower jaw.

Size: to at least 19 cm.

Inhabits coastal waters.

Depth: 1-30 m.

Central Mexico (about Puerto Vallarta) to Chile.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Brackish
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Water column only
  • Near Bottom
Habitat
  • Water column
  • Sand & gravel
  • Mud
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Beach
  • Soft bottom only
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Planktivore
Diet
  • Pelagic fish larvae
  • Data
  • Pelagic fish eggs
  • Zooplankton
Egg Type
  • Pelagic larva
  • Pelagic
  • No data
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • East Pacific endemic
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
Regional Endemism
  • 3 provinces (Cortez + Mexican + Panamic) endemic
  • Continent
  • TEP endemic
  • All species
  • Continental TEP endemic
  • Continent only
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos)
  • South Temperate (Peruvian Province )
  • North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California)
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
  • Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Depth Range Min
  • 1
Depth Range Max
  • 30
Length Max
  • 19