Shorefishes of the Eastern Pacific online information system

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Species: Stellifer chrysoleuca, Short-nose stardrum, Striped stardrum

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

head spongy, snout overhangs
dark lines on scale rows
D X-XI
C: blunt point
preopercle 9-14 serrations
chin 6 pores
21-26 gill rakers
A 8-9

Stellifer chrysoleuca (Günther, 1867)

Short-nose stardrum, Striped stardrum

Body oblong, robust, more or less compressed; head large, low and broad, skull cavernous, translucent, spongy to touch, wide between eyes; eye 4.5-5.2 in head length; snout blunt, projecting slightly beyond upper jaw; mouth inferior, slightly oblique; teeth in villiform bands, those in outer row of upper jaw enlarged; chin with 6 pores, no barbels; snout with 8 pores; margin of preopercle with 9-14 spiny serrations, strong spine at angle and those below it enlarged and usually directed downward; gill rakers long and slender, 21-26; dorsal rays IX-X + I, 20-23; deep notch between spiny and soft parts of dorsal fin; anal fin with short base II, 8-9, 2nd  spine strong, nearly as long as 1st ray; tail margin with blunt central point to rounded; scales rough on body and head, smooth on chin and fins; soft dorsal and anal fins covered with smooth scales; lateral line pores 48-51.

Silvery dark grey, with dusky scale margins and faint dusky blackish stripes following scale rows; fins dusky blackish, except pectorals slightly yellowish and pelvics white.

Size: reaches about 30 cm.

Inhabits coastal waters.

Depth: 1-30 m.

SE Gulf of California to Peru.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Brackish
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom only
  • Bottom
Habitat
  • Mud
  • Soft bottom only
  • Estuary
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Data
  • Planktivore
  • Carnivore
Diet
  • Mobile benthic worms
  • Data
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • No data
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • East Pacific endemic
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
  • All species
Regional Endemism
  • All species
  • Continent
  • Continent only
  • TEP endemic
  • Mexican + Panamic provinces endemic
  • Continental TEP endemic
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos)
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 30
Depth Range Min
  • 1
Depth Range Max
  • 30