Shorefishes of the Eastern Pacific online information system

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Species: Ophioscion typicus, Point-nosed croaker, Racer croaker

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

D 21-23
C: angular point
preopercle: 8-10 spines
gill rakers 22-26
A: 7; 2nd spine long, thick

Ophioscion typicus Gill, 1863

Racer croaker, Point-nosed croaker

Body elongate, more or less compressed; head low and short, cavernous but firm to touch on top, nape profile slightly concave; eye 3.8-4.9 in head length; snout bulbous, projecting well in front of upper jaw; small horizontal mouth; teeth simple in bands, those in outer row of upper jaw slightly enlarged; snout with 8-12 pores; chin with 5 pores, without barbels; gill rakers short (< ½ length of gill filaments at angle of arch), 22-26;  margin of preopercle with 8-10 spines, larger below; dorsal fin continuous but deeply notched, X + I, 21-23, second dorsal spine strong and 2/3 length of third; anal rays II, 7, 2nd  spine thick, as long as first ray; pectoral fins short, not reaching depressed pelvic fin tips; tail margin with a short to long central point; scales on body and all or most of head rough; inner 2/3 of soft dorsal and anal with a scaly sheath;  pored lateral-line scales 46-52.

Color silvery with dusky scale margins, greyish on upper back; fins dusky, with yellow tints, except pelvics and anal spines whitish.

Size: to about 30 cm.

Inhabits sand bottoms of bays, abundant in estuaries.

Depth: 1-20 m.

Central eastern Gulf of California to Colombia.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Brackish
  • Freshwater
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom + water column
  • Bottom
  • Near Bottom
Habitat
  • Beach
  • Estuary
  • Soft bottom only
  • Water column
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Sand & gravel
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Data
  • Carnivore
Diet
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • No Data
  • Mobile benthic worms
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • No data
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • East Pacific endemic
  • All species
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
Regional Endemism
  • All species
  • Continent only
  • TEP endemic
  • Continental TEP endemic
  • Continent
  • 3 provinces (Cortez + Mexican + Panamic) endemic
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
  • Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap)
  • Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos)
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Least concern
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 30
Depth Range Min
  • 1
Depth Range Max
  • 20