Shorefishes of the Eastern Pacific online information system

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Species: Ophioscion simulus, Snub-nosed croaker

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

snout rounded
C: S shape or rounded
preopercle: 14-16 weak spines
A: 2nd spine thick, long, 7

Ophioscion simulus Gilbert in Jordan & Evermann, 1898

Snub-nosed croaker

Body elongate, more or less compressed; head low and short, cavernous but firm to touch on top; eye 4.7 in head length; snout bulbous; small oblique mouth; teeth simple in bands, those in outer row of upper jaw slightly enlarged; snout with 8-12 pores; chin with 5 pores, without barbels; gill rakers short (< ½ length of gill filaments at angle of arch), 21-22; margin of preopercle with 14-16 weak spines, largest at angle; dorsal fin continuous but deeply notched, X + I, 26, second dorsal spine strong, long; anal rays II, 7, 2nd  spine long & thick; pectoral fins reaching to about level of depressed pelvic fin tips or slightly beyond; tail margin S shaped or rounded; scales on body and all or most of head rough; inner 2/3 of soft dorsal and anal with a scaly sheath; pored lateral-line scales 51.

Color silvery grey, whitish below without dark stripes or streaks, although scale margins may be dusky giving overall speckled impression; fins dusky brown.

Size: reaches at least 30 cm.

Inhabits sand bottoms of bays.

Depth: 1-20 m.

Panama to Ecuador.

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  • Brackish
  • Marine
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Near Bottom
  • Bottom + water column
  • Water column
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
  • Estuary
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Mobile benthic worms
  • No Data
Egg Type
  • No data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
  • All species
  • East Pacific endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Panamic province endemic
  • Continental TEP endemic
  • TEP endemic
  • Continent
  • Continent only
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 30
Depth Range Min
  • 1
Depth Range Max
  • 20