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Species: Odontoscion xanthops, Yellow-eye croaker

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D2 I spine
pelvic & A black
lower jaw - pair large canines
A: 2nd spine < longest ray

Odontoscion xanthops Gilbert in Jordan & Evermann, 1898

Yellow-eye croaker

Body short, oblong, moderately compressed; head low, snout conical; eye large; tip of lower jaw with slight knob; mouth fairly large, slightly oblique, lower jaw projecting; both jaws with row of large teeth, lower jaw slightly projecting, with a pair of large canines at front; snout with 8 pores; chin with 5 pores, no chin barbels; 21-23 long and stiff gill rakers; preopercle smooth; top corner of gill opening notched; dorsal rays XI + I, 25-27; anal rays II, 8-9, 2nd  spine < longest ray; tail margin straight or slightly rounded; scales rough on body, smooth on head; 2/3 of soft dorsal and anal fins with scaly sheath; pored lateral-line scales 48-50  the lateral line extends to the center of the end of the tail fin.

Color brownish with silvery reflections; sides with narrow longitudinal brown stripes following scale rows, these becoming oblique above lateral line; dorsal and tail fins grey; pelvics and anal blackish; juveniles silvery with distinct midlateral brown stripe and narrower stripes following scale rows.

Size: to about 30 cm.

Inhabits rocky areas and coral reefs.

Depth: 3-30 m?

Southern Baja and the SE Gulf of California to northern Peru.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Brackish
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom + water column
  • Mid Water
  • Bottom
  • Near Bottom
Habitat
  • Corals
  • Water column
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Rocks
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Pelagic
Feeding Group
  • Data
  • Planktivore
  • Carnivore
Diet
  • Pelagic fish larvae
  • Data
  • Pelagic crustacea
  • Zooplankton
  • Bony fishes
Egg Type
  • Pelagic larva
  • No data
  • Pelagic
Global Endemism
  • East Pacific endemic
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
  • All species
Regional Endemism
  • TEP endemic
  • All species
  • 3 provinces (Cortez + Mexican + Panamic) endemic
  • Continent
  • Continental TEP endemic
  • Continent only
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos)
  • Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap)
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 30
Depth Range Min
  • 3
Depth Range Max
  • 30