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Species: Odontoscion eurymesops, Galapagos croaker

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D2 II-III
fins grey
no canine teeth
A: 2nd spine = longest ray

Odontoscion eurymesops (Heller & Snodgrass, 1903)

Galapagos croaker

Body short, oblong, moderately compressed; head low, snout conical; eye large; tip of lower jaw with slight knob; mouth fairly large, slightly oblique, opens slightly under snout; both jaws with row of large teeth, but no large canines at front of lower jaw; snout with 8 pores; chin with 5 pores, no chin barbels; 24-26 long and stiff gill rakers; preopercle smooth; top corner of gill opening notched; dorsal rays XI + II-III, 24-27; anal rays II, 8-9, 2nd  spine ~equal to longest ray; tail margin straight or slightly rounded; scales rough on body, smooth on head; 2/3 of soft dorsal and anal fins with scaly sheath; pored lateral-line scales 47-52;  the lateral line extends to the center of the end of the tail fin.

Color brownish with silvery reflections; sides with narrow longitudinal brown stripes following scale rows, these becoming oblique above lateral line; fins dusky.

Size: to about 25 cm.

Inhabits rocky reefs.

Depth: 3-30 m.

Galapagos and Cocos Islands.


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Salinity
  • Marine Only
  • Marine
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Mid Water
  • Bottom + water column
  • Near Bottom
Habitat
  • Water column
  • Rocks
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Corals
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Data
  • Carnivore
  • Planktivore
Diet
  • Zooplankton
  • Data
  • Pelagic fish larvae
  • Bony fishes
Egg Type
  • Pelagic larva
  • Pelagic
  • No data
Global Endemism
  • East Pacific endemic
  • All species
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
Regional Endemism
  • TEP oceanic island (s) endemic
  • TEP endemic
  • Island (s) only
  • Multiple oceanic islands endemic
  • All species
  • Island (s)
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Vulnerable
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 25
Depth Range Min
  • 3
Depth Range Max
  • 30