Shorefishes of the Eastern Pacific online information system

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Species: Corvula macrops, Big-eye croaker, Large-eye drum, Vacuoqua croaker

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

snout < eye
pelvics & A black
Ds & C yellowish
C rounded
mouth oblique
preoperculum smooth/slightly serrated
A: 2nd spine 3/4 first ray, 9-11

Corvula macrops (Steindachner, 1876)

Vacuoqua croaker, Big-eye croaker, Large-eye drum

Body short, oblong, compressed; head short, cavernous but not spongy on top; snout distinctly shorter than eye; eye moderate size (¼ of head length); mouth moderate sized, subterminal, oblique; jaw teeth small, conical, in bands; chin without barbels, with 5 pores; margin of peropercle smooth to slightly toothed; gill rakers 14-17 lower, total 22-26; dorsal fin deeply notched, X-XI+I-II, 24-27; anal rays II, 9-11, second spine strong, about three-fourths length of first soft ray; tail with round to straight edge; scales rough on body, smooth on head; pored lateral-line scales 45-54.

Mainly silvery with faint stripes or rows of dots along scale rows, those above lateral line oblique anteriorly; a dark spot in pectoral fin axil; dorsal and tail fins yellowish; pelvic and anal fins black; a dark lining behind front teeth of lower jaw.

Maximum size, to about 25 cm.

Inhabits rocky coastal areas.

Depth: 5-13 m.

Southern Baja and the lower eastern Gulf of California to Ecuador; Galapagos and Cocos.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Water column only
  • Mid Water
  • Near Bottom
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Rocks
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Corals
  • Water column
FishBase Habitat
  • Bentho-Pelagic
Feeding Group
  • No Data
  • Planktivore
  • Carnivore
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Pelagic fish larvae
  • Zooplankton
  • No Data
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • No data
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • East Pacific endemic
  • All species
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Island (s)
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • All species
  • TEP endemic
  • Continent
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
  • Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos)
  • Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap)
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Data deficient
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 25
Depth Range Min
  • 5
Depth Range Max
  • 13