Shorefishes of the Eastern Pacific online information system

Español  Contact

Species: Xenichthys xanti, Bigeye salema, Longfin salema

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

6-7 stripes
C base: black spot
eye large, vertical oval
pectoral short
LL: 55-62

Xenichthys xanti Gill, 1863

Longfin salema, Bigeye salema

Elongate, compressed; head conical, compressed; eyes large, vertical ovals; chin with 2 pairs of pores, rear pores larger, well separated, not in a hole; mouth short, oblique, lower jaw projecting; teeth minute, in bands on jaws, on roof of mouth; dorsal fin - spiny and soft parts almost separate, XI, I,longest spine reaching second dorsal,17-19 rays, soft fin with longer base than spiny fin;pectoral short, no reaching level of anus; tail shallowly forked; anal - III small spines, 17-18 rays, soft part similar in size and form to soft dorsal; lateral-line scales 55-62.

Silvery with about 6 dark stripes on upper two-thirds of side, those on middle of side brown, becoming blackish on back; a prominent black spot at base of tail fin.

Size: attains 25.4 cm.

Habitat: over sandy bottoms. Generally occurs in mixed schools with other grunts.

Depth: 0-33 m.

Southern Baja California and the mouth of the Gulf of California to Peru, the Galapagos.

High Resolution Map Download

Species Data Create Report Export as Word File Export as Excel File
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Near Bottom
  • Water column only
  • Mid Water
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Water column
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Planktivore
  • No Data
  • Pelagic fish larvae
  • No Data
  • Zooplankton
Egg Type
  • No data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
  • East Pacific endemic
Regional Endemism
  • All species
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • TEP endemic
  • Island (s)
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos)
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
  • Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap)
  • South Temperate (Peruvian Province )
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 25.4
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 33