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Species: Xenichthys rupestris, Peruvian salema

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3 thick stripes
dark blotch C base
eye medium, round
pectoral short
LL: 65-70

Xenichthys rupestris Hildebrand, 1946

Peruvian salema

Elongate, compressed; head conical, compressed; eyes large; chin with 2 pairs of pores, rear pores larger, well separated, not in a hole; mouth short, oblique, lower jaw projecting; teeth minute, in bands on jaws, on roof of mouth; dorsal fin - spiny and soft parts almost separate, XI, I,longest spine not reaching second dorsal,17-18 rays, soft fin with longer base than spiny fin;pectoral short, no reaching level of anus; tail shallowly forked; anal - III small spines, 17-18 rays, soft part similar in size and form to soft dorsal; lateral-line scales 65-70.

Grey, 3 broad stripes along midflank and upper back, lowest one expanded into spot on tail base.

Size: 30 cm.

Habitat: sandy bottoms.

Depth: 0-10 m?

Colombia to central Peru.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Mid Water
  • Near Bottom
  • Water column only
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Water column
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Planktivore
  • No Data
  • Pelagic fish eggs
  • Pelagic fish larvae
  • Zooplankton
  • No Data
Egg Type
  • No data
  • Pelagic larva
  • Pelagic
Global Endemism
  • East Pacific endemic
  • TEP non-endemic
  • All species
Regional Endemism
  • Temperate Eastern Pacific, primarily
  • Peruvian province, primarily
  • Continent
  • All species
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic
  • Continent only
  • Vagrant
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
  • South Temperate (Peruvian Province )
IUCN Red List
  • Data deficient
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 30
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 10