Shorefishes of the Eastern Pacific online information system

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Species: Xenichthys agassizii, White salema

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uniform color
pectoral long, reaches A
LL 56-60

Xenichthys agassizii Steindachner, 1876

White salema

Elongate, compressed; head conical, compressed; eyes large; chin with 2 pairs of pores, rear pores larger, well separated, not in a hole; mouth short, oblique, lower jaw projecting; teeth minute, in bands on jaws, on roof of mouth; dorsal fin - spiny and soft parts almost separate, XI, I,17-18 rays, soft fin with longer base than spiny fin; tail shallowly forked; anal - III small spines, 17-18 rays, soft part similar in size and form to soft dorsal; lateral-line scales 56-60.

Silvery bluish without distinguishing marks.

Size: to 22 cm.

Habitat: forms schools in rocky shallows.

Depth: 3-20 m.

Galapagos Islands.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Near Bottom
  • Mid Water
  • Water column only
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Water column
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Planktivore
  • No Data
  • Pelagic fish larvae
  • Zooplankton
  • No Data
Egg Type
  • Pelagic larva
  • No data
  • Pelagic
Global Endemism
  • East Pacific endemic
  • All species
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
Regional Endemism
  • All species
  • Island (s) only
  • Galapagos Islands endemic
  • Island (s)
  • TEP endemic
  • TEP oceanic island (s) endemic
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
IUCN Red List
  • Vulnerable
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 22
Depth Range Min
  • 3
Depth Range Max
  • 20