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Species: Orthopristis lethopristis, Scalyfin grunt

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

opercular margin & inside pectoral base black
D: 12
preopercle smooth, rear edge concave
A: 9-11; 2nd spine < 3rd
D2 & A: scales on membranes

Orthopristis lethopristis Jordan & Fesler, 1889

Scalyfin grunt

Body slender (depth 3.0 in SL), strongly compressed; smoothly curved head profile; mouth short, ends before eye, with thin lips; chin with 2 front pores and 2 rear pores in central hole, plus a longitudinal groove; preopercle smooth, with slightly concave vertical margin; lower gill rakers 13-14; dorsal fin XII 12, 3rd  spine hightest, without notch between spines and rays; anal fin with long base, III, 9-11, 2nd spine < 3rd; pectoral long, curved, pointed; tail deeply forked; body scales without small accessory scales; 8 scale rows between lateral line and dorsal origin; soft dorsal and anal with small scales on membranes; lateral line 65 scales.

Silvery grey; orange spots in scale centers form lines along scale rows, oblique above lateral line, horizontal below; fins dusky; soft dorsal and anal sometimes speckled in large adults; opercular margin and inner base of pectoral fin black.

Size: 38 cm.

Habitat: demersal on soft bottoms.

Depth: 5-30 m?

Endemic to the Galapagos.


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Salinity
  • Marine Only
  • Marine
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Near Bottom
  • Bottom + water column
Habitat
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom only
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Water column
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • No Data
  • Carnivore
Diet
  • No Data
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Pelagic larva
  • Pelagic
  • No data
Global Endemism
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
  • All species
  • East Pacific endemic
Regional Endemism
  • TEP endemic
  • Galapagos Islands endemic
  • Island (s) only
  • All species
  • Island (s)
  • TEP oceanic island (s) endemic
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Data deficient
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 38
Depth Range Min
  • 5
Depth Range Max
  • 30