Shorefishes of the Eastern Pacific online information system

Español  Contact

Species: Haemulopsis nitidus, Shining grunt, Short-spine grunt, Silver grunt

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

dark blotch behind operculum
side - dark lines
pectoral not to anus
A: 2nd spine very short (= eye)

Haemulopsis nitidus (Steindachner, 1869)

Shining grunt, Silver grunt, Short-spine grunt

Moderately elongate oval body; dorsal and ventral profiles of head about equal; mouth small, slightly oblique, opens at front; chin with 2 pairs of pores, rear pair in a deep hole; preopercle finely serrated; lower gill rakers 14-16; dorsal fin XII, 14-15, continuous, with notch between spiny and soft parts; anal rays III, 7-9, 2nd  spine very short, equal to or < eye diameter; pectoral fins reach past pelvics but not to anus, 3rd  spine about same length as second spine, reaching to base of penultimate soft ray; body scales without small accessory scales; soft dorsal and anal with small scales between rays as well as a scaly sheath on base; lateral-line scales 50-53.

Silver; a black blotch at beginning of lateral line; diffuse dark stripes evident on side along scale rows.

Size: attains 30 cm.

Habitat: coastal seas on sandy or muddy bottoms.

Depth: 0-50 m.

Southern Baja and the Gulf of California to Ecuador.

High Resolution Map Download

Species Data Create Report Export as Word File Export as Excel File
  • Marine
  • Brackish
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Near Bottom
  • Bottom + water column
  • Bottom
  • Mud
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
  • Water column
  • Beach
  • Sand & gravel
  • Estuary
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • No Data
  • Carnivore
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Mobile benthic worms
  • No Data
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • No data
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
  • All species
  • East Pacific endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continental TEP endemic
  • 3 provinces (Cortez + Mexican + Panamic) endemic
  • Continent
  • Continent only
  • TEP endemic
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
  • North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California)
  • Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos)
  • Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap)
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Least concern
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 30
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 50