Shorefishes of the Eastern Pacific online information system

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Species: Haemulopsis elongatus, Elongate grunt, Sharp-snout grunt

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forehead profile straight
long snout
upper border operculum dark
A: 2nd spine not reaching end fin base

Haemulopsis elongatus (Steindachner, 1879)

Elongate grunt, Sharp-snout grunt

Elongate; snout relatively long; forehead profile straight; mouth small, slightly oblique, opens at front; chin with 2 pairs of pores, rear pair in a deep hole; preopercle finely serrated; lower gill rakers 10-14; dorsal fin XII, 14-15, continuous, with notch between spiny and soft parts; anal rays III, 7-8, 2nd  spine shorter than the 3rd,  > eye, but not reaching base of 2nd  last anal ray; pectoral fins shorter than head; body scales without small accessory scales; soft dorsal and anal with small scales between rays as well as a scaly sheath on base; lateral-line scales 50-54.

Silver; upper lips, rear of lower lips blackish; diffuse dark stripes sometimes evident on side; upper edge of gill opening narrowly blackish; dorsal and tail fins dusky, anal and pelvics yellowish; inside mouth not red.

Size: attains 30 cm.

Habitat: frequents coastal seas on sandy or muddy bottoms.

Depth: 0-66 m.

Southern Baja and the lower 3/4 of the Gulf of California to Panama.

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  • Brackish
  • Marine
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom + water column
  • Near Bottom
  • Bottom
  • Freshwater
  • Water column
  • Estuary
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
  • Mud
  • Beach
  • Sand & gravel
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • No Data
  • Carnivore
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • No Data
  • Mobile benthic worms
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
  • No data
Global Endemism
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
  • All species
  • East Pacific endemic
Regional Endemism
  • All species
  • Continent only
  • Continental TEP endemic
  • Continent
  • 3 provinces (Cortez + Mexican + Panamic) endemic
  • TEP endemic
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos)
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
  • North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California)
  • Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 30
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 66