Shorefishes of the Eastern Pacific online information system

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Species: Haemulopsis axillaris, Axil grunt, Yellow-stripe grunt

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

upper edge operculum black
flank - dark lines
black blotch inside pectoral
pectoral almost reaches anus
A: 2nd spine < 3rd

Haemulopsis axillaris (Steindachner, 1869)

Yellowstripe Grunt, Axil Grunt

Moderately elongate, oval body; wide between eyes; mouth small, slightly oblique, opens at front; chin with 2 pairs of pores, rear pair in a deep hole; preopercle finely serrated; lower gill rakers 14-17; dorsal fin XII, 14-15, continuous, with notch between spiny and soft parts; anal rays III, 8, 2nd spine shorter than the 3rd; pectoral fins reaching level of anus; body scales without small accessory scales; soft dorsal and anal with small scales between rays as well as a scaly sheath on base; lateral-line scales 49-54.

Silvery with upper edge of gill opening narrowly black, sometimes a dark smudge behind that corner; a triangular black spot in axil of pectoral fin; narrow brown stripes corresponding with scale rows often present on sides; 3-4 bars often evident on side; inside mouth not red.

Size: reaches 30 cm.

Habitat: coastal soft bottoms.

Depth: 0-60 m.

Southern Baja and the lower 2/3 of the Gulf of California to Peru.

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  • Freshwater
  • Marine
  • Brackish
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom + water column
  • Near Bottom
  • Bottom
  • Water column
  • Freshwater
  • Mud
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Beach
  • Soft bottom only
  • Estuary
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • No Data
  • Carnivore
  • Mobile benthic worms
  • No Data
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
Egg Type
  • No data
  • Pelagic larva
  • Pelagic
Global Endemism
  • East Pacific endemic
  • All species
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
Regional Endemism
  • TEP endemic
  • Continent
  • Continent only
  • 3 provinces (Cortez + Mexican + Panamic) endemic
  • All species
  • Continental TEP endemic
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
  • Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos)
  • North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California)
  • South Temperate (Peruvian Province )
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Least concern
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 30
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 60