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Species: Haemulon sexfasciatum, Greybar grunt

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~ 6 thick dark bars
7-9 scale rows LL to D origin

Haemulon sexfasciatum Gill, 1862

Greybar grunt

Body oblong, compressed; mouth short, ~ horizontal, opens well below eye-level, lips not fleshy; underside of chin with 2 large pores, 2 pores in a deep hole, and a central groove; gill rakers 18-22 (usually 18-20); preoperculum finely serrated, without spines; dorsal fin continuous, with small to moderate notch in middle, XI-XII, 16-18 (usually XII, 16-17); anal rays III, 9-10; tail forked; soft dorsal and anal densely scaled nearly to the edge of the fin; lateral-line scales 49-52; scales above the lateral line in lines oblique to body axis; 7-9 scale rows between lateral line and 1st  dorsal spine.

Head and body silvery white; ~ 5-6 prominent thick blackish bars on upper one-half to two-thirds of side, spaces between bars white to yellow; juveniles with dark midlateral stripe converging with black spot on caudal fin base, also a pair of dark stripes above: one on midline of snout to dorsal fin origin and another from upper margin of eye to dorsal surface of tail base; these stripes gradually fade as the bars begin to appear as the fish grows.

Size: grows to 48 cm.

Habitat: over sand, rubble and rock bottoms. Very abundant in some parts of the Gulf of California, forming huge daytime aggregations around rocky reefs.

Depth: 1-30 m.

Southern Baja and the lower 2/3 of the Gulf of California to Ecuador, Galapagos and Malpelo.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom only
  • Bottom
Habitat
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Reef only
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Rocks
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Data
  • Carnivore
Diet
  • Mobile benthic worms
  • Data
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • No data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
  • All species
  • East Pacific endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Continent
  • TEP endemic
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos)
  • Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap)
  • North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California)
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 48
Depth Range Min
  • 1
Depth Range Max
  • 30