Shorefishes of the Eastern Pacific online information system

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Species: Conodon serrifer, Armed grunt, Serrated grunt

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dark bars - upper body only
5-6 scales LL to D origin
snout < eye
pectoral not reaching level of pelvic tip
A: 2nd spine >> 3rd

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Conodon serrifer Jordan & Gilbert, 1882
 
 
Armed grunt,     Serrated grunt
 

Elongate, compressed; eye large. ~ same length as snout; rear margin of bone under eye concealed by scales; chin with a central groove, two pores at front, 2 more in hole behind them; preopercle border concave, strongly serrated, 1-2 large spines at angle, sometimes with teeth at lower border pointing forwards; outer row of teeth on both jaws enlarged canines; dorsal fin XII, 12, deeply notched; anal III, 7, 2nd  spine much larger than 3rd, about 1/2 head length; pectoral fins relatively long, not reach past tip of pelvics; tail fin with straight edge; head and body entirely scaled; 50 pored lateral line scales; 5-6 rows of scales between lateral line and dorsal fin origin.

Brownish on back, silvery blue-grey on sides, and white below; 6-7 blackish bars on upper side, not extending below pectoral; soft dorsal, anal, and pelvic fins yellow.

Size: grows to about 30 cm.

Frequents trawling grounds, occasionally encountered in fish markets.

Depth: 5-72 m.

Southern California to the eastern Gulf of California to northern Peru.


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Salinity
  • Brackish
  • Marine
  • Freshwater
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Near Bottom
  • Bottom
  • Bottom + water column
  • Mid Water
Habitat
  • Sand & gravel
  • Freshwater
  • Mud
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Water column
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • No Data
  • Planktivore
  • Carnivore
Diet
  • Pelagic fish larvae
  • No Data
  • Pelagic crustacea
  • Bony fishes
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
  • Zooplankton
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
  • No data
Global Endemism
  • East Pacific endemic
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
  • All species
Regional Endemism
  • Continental TEP endemic
  • Continent only
  • Continent
  • TEP endemic
  • All species
  • 3 provinces (Cortez + Mexican + Panamic) endemic
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California)
  • Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos)
  • Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap)
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Least concern
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 30
Depth Range Min
  • 5
Depth Range Max
  • 72