Shorefishes of the Eastern Pacific online information system

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Species: Lutjanus peru, Pacific red snapper

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2 grooves - eye to nostril + behind eye
silvery pink
above LL: scale rows oblique
roof mouth - tooth patch diamond shaped
A 8, pointed

Lutjanus peru (Nichols & Murphy, 1922)

Pacific red snapper

Body oval; front and rear nostrils simple holes; large adults develop a groove from front of eye to nostrils, and another behind eye; mouth relatively large and protractile; teeth conical to caniniform, those at front of jaws generally enlarged and fang-like; tooth patch at central roof of mouth diamond shaped, with or without a moderate sized rear extention; sides of roof of mouth with 1 tooth patch; 16-17 gill rakers; preopercle serrated, lower margin notched; dorsal rays X, 13-14; dorsal continuous; anal rays III, 8; soft dorsal with rounded end, soft anal with pointed end; tail with concave edge; bases of soft dorsal and anal fins scaly; scale rows on upper back rising obliquely above lateral line.

Reddish to pink with a silvery sheen.

Maximum TL about 95 cm, common to 50 cm.

Generally occurs on rocky and sandy bottoms offshore

Depth: 0-80 m.

Southern California to the central Gulf of California to Peru, the Revillagigedos and Malpelo.

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  • Marine Only
  • Marine
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
  • Rocks
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Reef and soft bottom
  • Sand & gravel
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Data
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
Egg Type
  • No data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • East Pacific endemic
  • All species
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Island (s)
  • TEP endemic
  • Continent
  • All species
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap)
  • North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California)
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
  • Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos)
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Least concern
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 95
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 80