Species: Lutjanus novemfasciatus, Pacific cubera snapper, Pacific dog snapper
Lutjanus novemfasciatus Gill, 1862
Pacific dog snapper, Pacific cubera snapper
Body oblong, snout pointed; front and rear nostrils simple holes; mouth relatively large and protractile; teeth conical to caniniform, those at front of jaws generally enlarged and fang-like; tooth patch at central roof of mouth crescent shaped, without rear extension; sides of roof of mouth with 1 tooth patch; 16-17 gill rakers; preopercle serrated, lower margin notched; dorsal rays X, 14, dorsal continuous; anal rays III, 7-8; soft dorsal and anal with rounded ends; tail with straight edge; bases of soft dorsal and anal fins scaly; scale rows on upper back rising obliquely above lateral line.
Dark olive brown to copper red on back and sides, becoming silvery white on lower sides; juveniles and adults with 8-9 dusky brownish bars on upper half, these sometimes obscure in large fish, which have dark fins.
Size: attains about 170 cm and 45 Kg.
Inhabits rocky reefs, usually in or near shelter during the day; feeds largely on crustaceans and fishes at night; depth range about 4-35 m; adults can penetrate as much as 20 Km up rivers.
Depth: 2-60 m.
Southern California to the Gulf of California to Peru, Galapagos, Cocos and Malpelo.
High Resolution Map Download
- Inshore Only
- Water Column Position
- Bottom only
- Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
- Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
- Reef and soft bottom
- Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
- FishBase Habitat
- Reef Associated
- Feeding Group
- Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
- Bony fishes
- Egg Type
- Pelagic larva
- No data
- Global Endemism
- Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
- All species
- East Pacific endemic
- Regional Endemism
- All species
- Island (s)
- Continent + Island (s)
- TEP endemic
- Climate Zone
- Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos)
- North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California)
- Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
- Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap)
- IUCN Red List
- Least concern
- Not listed
- Depth Range Min
- Depth Range Max
- Length Max