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Species: Lutjanus colorado, Colorado snapper

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dark red
above LL: scale rows parallel to LL
roof mouth - tooth patch a crescent
A 8, pointed

Lutjanus colorado Jordan & Gilbert, 1882

Colorado snapper

Body moderately deep; front and rear nostrils simple holes; mouth relatively large and protractile; teeth conical to caniniform, those at front of jaws generally enlarged and fang-like; tooth patch at central roof of mouth crescentic, without rear extension; sides of roof of mouth with 1 tooth patch; 16-17 gill rakers; preopercle serrated, lower margin notched; dorsal rays X, 13-14, dorsal continuous; anal rays III, 8; soft dorsal and anal with pointed ends; tail edge ~ straight; bases of soft dorsal and anal fins scaly; scale rows on upper back parallel to lateral line.

Body and fins mostly dark red, pink or whitish on belly; small specimens may have dusky bars on side.

Size: reported to reach 107 cm.

Habitat: occurs on offshore rocky reefs to at least 50 m, young often found inshore, sometimes in shallow estuaries.

Depth: 0-90 m.

Southern California to the Gulf of California to Peru; Cocos and Malpelo.

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  • Marine
  • Brackish
  • Freshwater
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom only
  • Bottom
  • Reef and soft bottom
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Sand & gravel
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Freshwater
  • Estuary
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Rocks
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Data
  • Carnivore
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
Egg Type
  • Pelagic larva
  • No data
  • Pelagic
Global Endemism
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
  • All species
  • East Pacific endemic
Regional Endemism
  • TEP endemic
  • All species
  • Continent
  • Island (s)
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • South Temperate (Peruvian Province )
  • Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap)
  • Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos)
  • North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California)
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Least concern
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 107
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 90