Shorefishes of the Eastern Pacific online information system

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Species: Taractes rubescens, Black pomfret, Keeled pomfret, Keeltail pomfret

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

snout pointed, forehead oblique
flat/concave between eyes
tail base: long, strong keel

Taractes rubescens (Jordan & Evermann, 1887)

Keeltail pomfret, Black pomfret, Keeled pomfret

Head and body compressed, moderately elongated (body depth 36-45% of SL); snout pointed; upper head profile straight, oblique; mouth opens at front, strongly oblique, the rear of the top jaw wide, exposed and covered with scales; top jaw bone exposed, large, scaly; eye large; between eyes flat to concave; 9-11 gill rakers; the single dorsal and anal fins have long bases, similar shapes and sizes, I-III spines; dorsal 30-32 rays originates over pectoral, low, with large pointed lobe at front; anal 21-23 rays low, with longer, pointed front lobe; tail fin strongly concave; tail base with a large, long keel made of fused scales, and a well developed transverse groove before tail fin; pectoral 19-22 rays; low on body, long, reaches past front lobe of anal fin; pelvics not tiny, 13-19% of SL, inserted just before pectoral base; scales large, cover body, nape, cheeks, operculum, and top jaw, scaleless areas above and behind eye; dorsal & anal fins scaly, no scaly sheath along base of those fins; adults without lateral line; juveniles with very long fins.

Black body and fins, white crescent on tail, white on tail keel, pectorals and inner rays of pelvic.

Size: 80 cm.

Habitat: oceanic pelagic.

Depth: 0-400 m.

Pacific and Atlantic; the southern part of the TEP and south to Chile.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Offshore
  • Offshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Water column only
  • Surface
  • Near Surface
  • Mid Water
  • Water column
FishBase Habitat
  • Bentho-Pelagic
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • No Data
  • Bony fishes
  • No Data
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
  • Pelagic crustacea
Egg Type
  • No data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • East Pacific + all Atlantic (East+West)
  • All Pacific (West + Central + East)
  • All species
  • East Pacific + Atlantic (East +/or West)
  • Transisthmian (East Pacific + Atlantic of Central America)
  • TEP non-endemic
  • "Transpacific" (East + Central &/or West Pacific)
Regional Endemism
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic
  • Island (s)
  • Continent
  • All species
  • Eastern Pacific non-endemic
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • South Temperate (Peruvian Province )
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 80
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 400