Shorefishes of the Eastern Pacific online information system

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Species: Elagatis bipinnulata, Rainbow runner

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elongate, fusiform
snout pointed, mouth small
flank: yellow stripe with blue edges



Elagatis bipinnulata (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)

Rainbow runner

Body elongate, fusiform; snout pointed; mouth small, opens at front, ends well before eye; dorsal rays VI+I, 25-28 + 2; anal rays I+I, 18-20 + 2; base of 2nd dorsal fin much longer than base of anal fin; a single 2-rayed finlet behind dorsal and anal fins; pectoral fin shorter than head; tail base slender; tail strongly forked; tail base notched above and below; lateral line with slight arch anteriorly; no scutes (hard, spiny scales) on lateral line; body scales oval; breast scaled.

Dark olive green to blue above, white below; two narrow light blue or bluish-white stripes along sides, with a broader olive or yellowish stripe between them; fins with an olive or yellow tint.

Size: grows to 180 cm, but common to 80 cm. Reaches at least 17.1 kg.

Habitat: a pelagic species, usually found near the surface around islands sometimes far offshore.

Depth: 0-150 m.

Circumtropical; the  Gulf of California to Ecuador and the oceanic islands.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • In & Offshore
  • Inshore
  • Offshore
Water Column Position
  • Surface
  • Water column only
  • Near Surface
  • Mid Water
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Flotsam
  • Water column
FishBase Habitat
  • Pelagic
Feeding Group
  • Planktivore
  • Data
  • Carnivore
  • Pelagic crustacea
  • Zooplankton
  • Bony fishes
  • Pelagic fish larvae
  • Data
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
Egg Type
  • No data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • "Transpacific" (East + Central &/or West Pacific)
  • East Pacific + Atlantic (East +/or West)
  • East Pacific + all Atlantic (East+West)
  • All species
  • Transisthmian (East Pacific + Atlantic of Central America)
  • Circumtropical ( Indian + Pacific + Atlantic Oceans)
  • TEP non-endemic
  • All Pacific (West + Central + East)
Regional Endemism
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Eastern Pacific non-endemic
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos)
  • Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap)
  • North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California)
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 180
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 150