Shorefishes of the Eastern Pacific online information system

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Species: Chloroscombrus orqueta, Pacific bumper

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very compressed
lower profile very convex
D & A low
upper tail base - black blotch
top corner operculum - black spot
LL scutes very small



Chloroscombrus orqueta Jordan & Gilbert, 1883

Pacific bumper

Head & body a deep, strongly compressed oval; lower body profile strongly convex, more so than upper profile; pectoral longer than head, curved; dorsal rays VIII+I, 25-28; anal rays II+I, 25-28; no finlets after dorsal and anal fins; lateral line with a pronounced, short anterior arch; 6-12 very weak scutes on tail base; scales small, over most of body.

Body and head dark metallic blue above, silver on sides; a black spot in the upper border of the operculum; a black saddle on the upper part of the tail base; tail yellow.

Size: reaches 31 cm.

Habitat: pelagic, forms schools in shallow coastal seas, also enters estuaries.

Depth: 0-53 m.

Southern California to the Gulf of California to Peru, vagrants to the Revillagigedos, Galapagos and Malpelo.

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  • Marine
  • Brackish
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Surface
  • Water column only
  • Near Surface
  • Mangrove
  • Water column
  • Freshwater
  • Estuary
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
FishBase Habitat
  • Bentho-Pelagic
Feeding Group
  • No Data
  • Planktivore
  • Bony fishes
  • Pelagic fish larvae
  • Pelagic fish eggs
  • Pelagic crustacea
  • Zooplankton
  • No Data
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
  • No data
Global Endemism
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
  • All species
  • East Pacific endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • TEP endemic
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos)
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
  • South Temperate (Peruvian Province )
  • Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap)
  • North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California)
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Least concern
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 31
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 53