Species: Caranx melampygus, Bluefin trevally, Bluefin crevalle-jack
Caranx melampygus Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1833
Bluefin trevally, Bluefin crevalle-jack
Body deep, compressed; head profile angular; adipose eyelid not well developed; top jaw with an outer row of canines and an inner band of fine teeth; lower jaw with one row of teeth; gill rakers (excluding rudiments) 5-9 + 17-21; margin of body at rear of gill chamber without papillae; pectoral fins longer than head; dorsal rays VIII + I, 21-24; anal rays II + I, 17-20; dorsal and anal fin with long front lobes; dorsal and anal fins not followed by finlets; lateral line with a pronounced anterior arch, straight part with 27-42 strong scutes; breast completely scaled.
Head and dorsal half of body brassy, suffused with blue and covered with small blue-black spots (forming at about 20 cm length and increasing in number with size); second dorsal, anal, and caudal fins electric blue; pectoral fins of juveniles yellow.
Maximum size to 100 cm; at least 10.8 kg.
Habitat: solitary or in small schools near reefs. Juveniles sometimes in estuaries.
Depth: 0-230 m.
Indo-Pacific from East Africa to the Americas; the tip of Baja and the mouth of the Gulf of California; Costa Rica to Ecuador and the offshore islands.
High Resolution Map Download
- Inshore Only
- Water Column Position
- Bottom + water column
- Near Bottom
- Mid Water
- Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
- Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
- Water column
- FishBase Habitat
- Reef Associated
- Feeding Group
- Bony fishes
- Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
- Egg Type
- Pelagic larva
- No data
- Global Endemism
- All Pacific (West + Central + East)
- TEP non-endemic
- All species
- "Transpacific" (East + Central &/or West Pacific)
- Indo-Pacific only (Indian + Pacific Oceans)
- Regional Endemism
- Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic
- All species
- Island (s)
- Continent + Island (s)
- Eastern Pacific non-endemic
- Climate Zone
- Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos)
- Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
- Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap)
- IUCN Red List
- Not evaluated / Listed
- Not listed
- Depth Range Max
- Depth Range Min
- Length Max