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Species: Caranx caninus, Pacific crevalle-jack

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black patch: border operculum
lower corner of pectoral: dark blotch

Caranx caninus Günther, 1867

Pacific crevalle-jack

Body moderately compressed, moderately deep oblong; mouth reaches past eye; top jaw with an outer row of canines and an inner band of fine teeth; lower jaw with one row of teeth; gill rakers (excluding rudiments) 3-6 + 15-17; margin of body at rear of gill chamber without papillae; pectoral fins longer than head; dorsal rays VIII + I, 19-21; anal rays II + I, 16-17; dorsal and anal fins not followed by finlets; lateral line with a pronounced, moderately long anterior arch, straight part with 35-42 strong scutes; breast scaled except for a small area in front of pelvic fins, and on base of pectoral fin.

Greenish blue or bluish black on back, silvery white to yellowish or golden on lower side; black spot on gill cover; lower corner of pectoral fin with a black blotch; yellowish tail and anal fins.

Size: attains 100 cm; 17.7kg.

Habitat: common in estuaries.

Depth: 3-100 m.

Southern California to the Gulf of California to Peru, and the Revillagigedos, Galapagos, Cocos and Malpelo.

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Species Data Create Report Export as Word File Export as Excel File
  • Freshwater
  • Brackish
  • Marine
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Mid Water
  • Bottom + water column
  • Near Bottom
  • Sand & gravel
  • Freshwater
  • Estuary
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Water column
FishBase Habitat
  • Pelagic
Feeding Group
  • Data
  • Carnivore
  • Bony fishes
  • Data
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Pelagic larva
  • Pelagic
  • No data
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
  • East Pacific endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Island (s)
  • TEP endemic
  • All species
  • Continent
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • South Temperate (Peruvian Province )
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
  • Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos)
  • North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California)
  • Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap)
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Least concern
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 100
Depth Range Min
  • 3
Depth Range Max
  • 100