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Species: Serranus stilbostigma, Side-blotch serrano

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red
karge black blotch under soft D
mid-side: row black spots
belly: oblique white bar

Serranus stilbostigma (Jordan & Bollmann, 1890)

Side-blotch serrano

Body elongate, moderately compressed; snout sharp, profile from tip of snout to dorsal origin straight; lower jaw strongly projecting; mouth reaches to under middle of eye, large (25% of head length); space between eyes convex, ridged; preopercle regularly serrated, no spur with enlarged spines; 9 lower gill rakers; dorsal X, 12, both sections low; anal III, 7, 2nd  spine strongest, ~ same length as 3rd; pelvics inserted before pectoral base; tail concave, upper tip longer; pectorals reach to anus; scales rough, relatively large, 11 rows on cheek, 58 lateral line scales.

Head and body red, breast orange; a few small pale spots on cheek and opercle; front of back with indistinct dark and light speckles; a large, square black blotch on lower front of soft dorsal fin, extending onto body below, behind this 3 smaller black spots on top of back and dorsal base; a row of ~ 10 black spots along mid-flank from under soft dorsal to end of tail base, with faint irregular dark spots below this row; a large oblique cream bar extends from midbelly to lateral line; spiny dorsal with 3 rows dark spots separated by pale streaks, soft dorsal with several basal dark spots, and a pale medial stripe above; upper ½ of tail red, with a few small black spots, lower ½ black; outer half of anal and pelvics dark; pectoral pale.

Size: 14.5 cm.

Habitat: rocky bottom.

Depth: 80-200 m.

Galapagos and Ecuador.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom only
  • Bottom
Habitat
  • Reef only
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Rocks
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • No Data
Diet
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
  • No Data
Egg Type
  • Pelagic larva
  • No data
  • Pelagic
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
  • East Pacific endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Island (s) only
  • TEP oceanic island (s) endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • TEP endemic
  • Galapagos Islands endemic
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 14.5
Depth Range Min
  • 80
Depth Range Max
  • 200