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Species: Serranus huascarii, Flag serrano, Peruvian serrano

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large eye
C: black + white bar
purple blotch over anus

Serranus huascarii Steindachner, 1900

Flag serrano, Peruvian serrano

Body elongate, moderately compressed; eye large;  preopercle regularly serrated, no spur with enlarged spines, its margin barely convex; mouth large, oblique, lower jaw projecting, mouth ends almost under middle of eye; 12-13 lower gill rakers; dorsal X, 12, spines increase rapidly in length to 4th  then decrease in size; anal III, 7, 2nd  spine a little longer than 3rd; pelvics inserted before pectoral base; pectoral reaching nearly to anus,13-17; tail concave; scales rough, relatively large, 48 lateral scales.

Upper head and body dark grey-brown; iris yellow-brown;  a dark blotch on upper opercle; scales on upper body with dark edges; a series of dark blotches along mid-side, dark blotches on upper back above those extend onto base of dorsal fin;  a purple blotch above anus, with a white to pale yellow blotch  above and before that; anal fin yellow; pelvics blackish; tail black, with broad white bar in center;

Size: 20 cm.

Habitat: rocky bottoms.

Depth: 80-200 m?

The central Gulf of California to Chile.

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Species Data Create Report Export as Word File Export as Excel File
  • Marine Only
  • Marine
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom only
  • Bottom
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Rocks
  • Reef only
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • No Data
  • Carnivore
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
  • No Data
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • No data
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • East Pacific endemic
  • All species
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
Regional Endemism
  • All species
  • Continental TEP endemic
  • TEP endemic
  • Continent only
  • 3 provinces (Cortez + Mexican + Panamic) endemic
  • Continent
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos)
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
  • Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap)
  • South Temperate (Peruvian Province )
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 20
Depth Range Min
  • 80
Depth Range Max
  • 200