Shorefishes of the Eastern Pacific online information system

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Species: Paralabrax callaensis, Callao sea-bass, Southern rock-bass

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

head & upper body: lines orange spots
D: 3rd spine ~ twice 2nd, soft part - convex end
pectoral long, yellow
A: spines white

Paralabrax callaensis Starks, 1906

Callao sea-bass, Southern rock-bass

Body deep, compressed,  back moderately elevated;  head pointed; mouth large; rear of top jaw exposed when mouth closed, without accessory bone above it; teeth fixed;  roof of mouth with teeth on sides and center; lower gill rakers 18-22; preopercle finely serrated; dorsal X, 13, 3rd  spine largest, 2x length of 9th  spine & longer than rays, rear margin of soft fin gently convex;  anal rays III, 7,  spines strong, 2nd  largest;  pectoral long, rounded, 17-19; pelvics inserted under or slightly behind pectoral base; tail rounded to concave, 13-15 branched rays; scales small, rough; 92-104 lateral scales, 13-15 between lateral line and dorsal origin; rear of top jawbone without scales.

Grey-brown to brown head and body; dense orange spots and horizontal lines on front and side of head; redbrown spots and undulating horizontal lines along upper back to tail; lateral line whitish; often an elongate white blotch on back under junction of dorsal spines and rays; spiny dorsal grey with whitish central stripe & dark outer margin, soft dorsal dark grey with brown spots; tail brown with darker spots on base, rays blackish; anal dark grey with brown spots, spines white; pelvic dark grey, white front border; pectoral yellowish.

Size: 32 cm.

Habitat: rocky bottoms.

Depth: 1-50 m?

Colombia to central Peru.

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  • Marine Only
  • Marine
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Reef only
  • Rocks
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • No Data
  • No Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
Egg Type
  • No data
  • Pelagic larva
  • Pelagic
Global Endemism
  • East Pacific endemic
  • All species
  • TEP non-endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent only
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic
  • Temperate Eastern Pacific, primarily
  • Peruvian province, primarily
  • All species
  • Continent
  • Vagrant
Climate Zone
  • South Temperate (Peruvian Province )
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
IUCN Red List
  • Data deficient
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Depth Range Max
  • 50
Depth Range Min
  • 1
Length Max
  • 32