Shorefishes of the Eastern Pacific online information system

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Species: Paralabrax albomaculatus, Camotillo sand-bass, White-spotted sand-bass

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

large white spots: flank ~ 6, back 2
C: 3 bars - white, dark, orange
Paralabrax albomaculatus (Jenyns, 1840)
White-spotted sand-bass,    Camotillo sand-bass

Body elongate, compressed; head pointed; mouth large; rear of top jaw exposed when mouth closed, without accessory bone above it; teeth fixed;  roof of mouth with teeth on sides and center; gill rakers 11+20; preopercle finely serrated; dorsal X, 14, third spine greatly elevated, about three times longer than second; anal rays III, 7;  pectoral 16-17; pelvics inserted under or slightly behind pectoral base; tail rounded to concave, 13-15 branched rays; scales small, rough; lateral line scales 85 (58 with tubes); rear of top jawbone without scales.

Light brown on upper two-thirds, white below; about 6-10 large white blotches on upper half of side, and smaller, irregular dark brown spots in surrounding areas, sometimes a whitish line from upper corner of operculum to middle of base of tail fin; tail fin white basally with dark brown bar across middle portion and broad yellowish rear margin.

Size: grows to at least 52 cm.

Inhabits rocky reefs and nearby sand patches.

Depth: 10-75 m.

Galapagos Islands.

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  • Marine Only
  • Marine
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom only
  • Bottom
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Submerged vegetation
  • Sand & gravel
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Rocks
  • Reef and soft bottom
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • No Data
  • Carnivore
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
  • Bony fishes
  • No Data
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
  • No data
Global Endemism
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
  • All species
  • East Pacific endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Island (s) only
  • TEP endemic
  • Galapagos Islands endemic
  • TEP oceanic island (s) endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
IUCN Red List
  • Endangered
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 52
Depth Range Min
  • 10
Depth Range Max
  • 75