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Species: Diplectrum labarum, High-fin sand-perch

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body: 4 double dark bars
D: spines II-IV long, with filaments, black
soft D 3-5 oblique orange stripes
C: 3 orange bars, black & white spots on top edge
preopercle spur: square, deep. 8-13 spines

Diplectrum labarum Rosenblatt & Johnson, 1974

High-fin sand-perch

Body elongate, moderately compressed; snout fairly blunt; lower jaw projecting slightly; angle of preopercle a bony spur squarish, with 8-13 large spines, deeper than rest of preopercle above; 22-24 gill rakers; dorsal X,11-13, 2nd-4th  spines elongated, with filaments, 2nd  spine at least 2X 1st; anal III, 6-8; tail slightly concave, upper tip longer; snout and between eyes scaleless; scales moderately small, rough; 47-49 lateral line scales, 9-12 vertical rows scales on cheek.

Grey brown above, silvery white below; inside operculum black, visible through side; upper sides with 5-6 squarish dark blotches or double bars; prominent large black blotch at base of tail fin; spiny dorsal with basal orange line, elongate spines black, soft part with 3-5 oblique orange stripes and thin orange margin; tail fin with 3 thin vertical orange bars, upper and lower rays red, 3 small black spots with intervening white spots along upper base.

Size: 26 cm.

Habitat: sandy and muddy bottoms.

Depth: 14-160 m.

Central Baja and the Gulf of California to northern Perú.

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  • Marine Only
  • Marine
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom only
  • Bottom
  • Soft bottom only
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Sand & gravel
  • Mud
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • No Data
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • No Data
  • Bony fishes
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
  • No data
Global Endemism
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
  • All species
  • East Pacific endemic
Regional Endemism
  • TEP endemic
  • 3 provinces (Cortez + Mexican + Panamic) endemic
  • All species
  • Continental TEP endemic
  • Continent only
  • Continent
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos)
  • Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap)
  • North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California)
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 26
Depth Range Min
  • 14
Depth Range Max
  • 160