Species: Rypticus bicolor, Cortez soapfish, Mottled soapfish
juv: 3 stripes/ocelli on body
Rypticus bicolor Valenciennes, 1846
Mottled soapfish, Cortez soapfish
Elongate, very compressed; forehead oblique; lower jaw prominently projecting, with fleshy knob at front; pores along ventral surface of lower jaw and margin of preopercle numerous, small, and occurring in patches (in specimens in excess of 65 mm SL); simple teeth in bands on jaws; 2 pairs of nostrils, anterior tubular; simple teeth in bands on jaws; 2-3 spines on preopercle; 3 spines on operculum; gill rakers 7-9 (usually 8); gill opening restricted above, most of upper part of operculum bound to body by skin; dorsal fin III (rarely II) spines, 23-26 rays; anal fin without spines, 16-18 rays; pectoral rays 14-17 (usually 16); median fins thick, fleshy; rounded tail and pectoral fins; scales imbedded.
Body brown, with numerous small cream or tan spots; small (under about 3 cm) juveniles with three narrow dark stripes behind eye extending back along side of body; 4-5 cm specimens with irregular ocelli-like spots on side.
Size: to 30 cm.
Inhabits rocky reefs sheltering in caves and crevices, but also encountered in the open.
Depth: 0-70 m.
Southern Baja and the Gulf oCalifornia to northern Peru, including the Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos and Malpelo.
Closely related to R. saponaceus (Bloch & Schneider) from the western Atlantic.
High Resolution Map Download
- Inshore Only
- Water Column Position
- Bottom only
- Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
- Sand & gravel
- Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
- Reef and soft bottom
- Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
- FishBase Habitat
- Reef Associated
- Feeding Group
- Bony fishes
- Egg Type
- No data
- Pelagic larva
- Global Endemism
- East Pacific endemic
- All species
- Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
- Regional Endemism
- Continent + Island (s)
- Island (s)
- All species
- TEP endemic
- Climate Zone
- Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap)
- Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos)
- North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California)
- Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
- South Temperate (Peruvian Province )
- IUCN Red List
- Least concern
- Not listed
- Length Max
- Depth Range Min
- Depth Range Max