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Species: Pseudogramma axelrodi, Axelrod's reef-bass

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short wide flap over eye
body: brown + pale blotches; no dark lines
pectoral: 17-18

Pseudogramma axelrodi Allen & Robertson, 1995

Axelrod's reef-bass

Body elongate, compressed; head short, compressed, forehead convex; upper edge of eye with short, broad-based flap; mouth slightly oblique, reaches past rear of eye; dense band of simple teeth on each jaw; preoperculum with thick spine at upper angle, no serrations; operculum without visible spines; gill opening restricted above by fusion of operculum to body, a flap extending back from upper operculum to beyond pectoral base; 15 rakers on 1st  gill arch; dorsal VII (rarely VI), 21-22, spines low, fin base long, end of soft part rounded; anal III , 17-18, long base, end of soft part rounded; pectoral 17-18 rays, rounded; pelvic I, 5, inserted under pectoral base; lateral line in 2 parts, with 35-36 & 18-23 scales on front and rear sections; scales smooth on head & front body, grading into rough posteriorly; inner ½ of dorsal, anal & pectoral covered with scales.

Brown overall, tan below; side of body with numerous large pale brown blotches in a dark mesh of lines; a large, prominent ocellated dark blotch on upper operculum; 2 dark lines run back and from lower half of eye across cheek; dorsal, tail, anal, and pelvic fins dark; pectorals translucent brown; juvenile uniformly brown body, tan head, diagonal white bar across cheek, vertical white bar under eye

Size: 8.5 cm.

Habitat: coral reef, cryptic.

Depth: 10-100 m.

Endemic to Clipperton.

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  • Marine Only
  • Marine
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
  • Corals
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef only
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • No Data
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • No Data
  • Bony fishes
Egg Type
  • Pelagic larva
  • Pelagic
  • No data
Global Endemism
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
  • East Pacific endemic
  • All species
Regional Endemism
  • Island (s)
  • Island (s) only
  • TEP oceanic island (s) endemic
  • TEP endemic
  • All species
  • Clipperton Island endemic
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Near threatened
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 8.5
Depth Range Min
  • 10
Depth Range Max
  • 100