Shorefishes of the Eastern Pacific online information system

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Species: Epinephelus analogus, Spotted grouper, Spotted cabrilla

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body & fins tan + many small brown spots
D: X, 16-18

Epinephelus analogus Gill, 1863

Spotted cabrilla, Spotted grouper

Elongate, robust; gill rakers 26-28; rear margin of preopercle serrate, the lower limb smooth; dorsal fin X, 16-18; anal rays III, 8; pectoral rays 19-20; flank scales rough, with many small accessory scales; 53-69 lateral line scales.

Head and body tan to grey, with many small red- brown spots, pupil-sized on body, smaller on head and fins; four broad indistinct dark bars on upper half of side, extending onto dorsal fin. Juvenile with spots relatively larger, stronger bars.

A good-eating fish reported to reach 114 cm and 22.3 Kg.

Inhabits rocky reefs; also lives in shallow estuaries.

To at least 107 m depth.

Southern California to the Gulf of California to Peru, Galapagos, Cocos, Malpelo and the Revillagigedos.

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  • Marine
  • Brackish
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom only
  • Bottom
  • Estuary
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Sand & gravel
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Rocks
  • Reef and soft bottom
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Data
  • Carnivore
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Data
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
  • No data
Global Endemism
  • East Pacific endemic
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
  • All species
Regional Endemism
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • TEP endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Continent
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
  • Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos)
  • Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap)
  • North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California)
  • South Temperate (Peruvian Province )
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 114
Depth Range Min
  • 1
Depth Range Max
  • 107