Shorefishes of the Eastern Pacific online information system

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Species: Hyporthodus acanthistius, Gulf coney, Rooster hind, Rose coney

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red-brown, fins darker
D: IX, 2nd-4th spines long
juvenile - blue spots

Hyporthodus acanthistius (Gilbert, 1892)

Gulf Coney, Rose Coney, Rooster Hind

Body robust, relatively deep and oval, compressed, deepest at origin of dorsal fin; gill rakers 25-27; dorsal rays IX, 17; membranes of dorsal spines deeply notched, larger specimens with elevated dorsal spines II-IV; anal rays III, 9; pectorals 18-19; flank scales rough; 61-64 scales on lateral line.

Adult: brown to rosy red; fins grading to dark brownish; a thin black moustache above side of top jaw; Juvenile dark brown, with irregular blue spots on body, which form vertical lines at the rear of the body; several blue lines running from eye back and down across operculum; black moustache above top jaw.

Maximum size, to at least 130 cm.

Inhabits rocky reefs and nearby sand patches.

Usually below 12 m and ranging to at least 111 m; juveniles can be in shallow water.

Southern California through the Gulf of California to Peru.

Note: Previously in the genus Epinephelus.

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  • Marine Only
  • Marine
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
  • Sand & gravel
  • Reef and soft bottom
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Rocks
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
  • Bony fishes
Egg Type
  • No data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • East Pacific endemic
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
Regional Endemism
  • 3 provinces (Cortez + Mexican + Panamic) endemic
  • Continent only
  • TEP endemic
  • Continental TEP endemic
  • All species
  • Continent
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos)
  • North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California)
  • South Temperate (Peruvian Province )
  • Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap)
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 130
Depth Range Min
  • 12
Depth Range Max
  • 111