Species: Alphestes immaculatus, Pacific hamlet, Pacific mutton-hamlet
Alphestes immaculatus Breder, 1936
Pacific mutton-hamlet, Pacific hamlet
Body deep, strongly compressed; large eyes; snout short; forhead with straight profile; preopercle serrated, with large forward-curving spine at lower front corner; 3-5 rows of small teeth on each jaw, a pair of small canines at front of both jaws, most of teeth movable; 21-24 gill rakers; dorsal with XI spines, 18 rays, with little or no notch between spiny and soft parts; anal fin III, 9; pectoral 17; tail rounded; flank scales smooth.
Rusty brown with darker brown blotches forming irregular bars on side; numerous dark brown and pale spots, and larger pale blotches on head and body; pectoral fins with rows of dark spots.
Size: reaches 30 cm.
Habitat: a secretive nocturnal predator found hiding in rocky crevices or amongst weed during the day.
Depth: 3-32 m.
Southern Baja and the Gulf of California to central Peru, the Revillagigedos, Galapagos, Malpelo and Cocos.
Closely related and sometimes confused with A. afer from the western Atlantic.
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- Inshore Only
- Water Column Position
- Bottom only
- Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
- Reef only
- Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
- Submerged vegetation
- FishBase Habitat
- Feeding Group
- Bony fishes
- Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
- Egg Type
- Pelagic larva
- No data
- Global Endemism
- East Pacific endemic
- All species
- Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
- Regional Endemism
- All species
- Island (s)
- TEP endemic
- Continent + Island (s)
- Climate Zone
- North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California)
- Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos)
- Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap)
- Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
- South Temperate (Peruvian Province )
- IUCN Red List
- Least concern
- Not listed
- Length Max
- Depth Range Min
- Depth Range Max