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Species: Hemilutjanus macrophthalmos, Grape-eye seabass

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

deep, compressed
eye large, dark
D: X, 10-11
grey, LL dark
teeth simple
scales small, rough

Hemilutjanus macrophthalmos (Tschudi, 1846)

Grape-eye seabass

Body deep, compressed; head compressed, pointed, upper profile straight; eye large, dark; mouth large, oblique, lower jaw projecting; upper jaw bone broad, with distinct accessory bone; teeth small, simple, on jaws and top and sides of roof of mouth; preopercle serrated; 29-32 long slender gill rakers; dorsal with X, 10-11, a slight notch between spines and rays; anal with  III, 9, spines at rear longest; pelvics inserted immediately behind pectoral base, reach to anus; tail fin slightly concave; lateral line complete, follows humped contour of back; scales small, rough, on all of head and jaws.

Pale greenish-grey, silvery grey below; conspicuous dark line along lateral line; fins pale; iris whitish.

Size: 50 cm.

Habitat: demersal on rocky bottoms.

Depth: 10-55 m.

Southern Colombia to central Chile, the Galapagos.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Near Bottom
  • Bottom + water column
Habitat
  • Rocks
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef only
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Water column
FishBase Habitat
  • Pelagic
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
Diet
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Data
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
  • No data
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • TEP non-endemic
  • East Pacific endemic
Regional Endemism
  • All species
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic
  • Peruvian province, primarily
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Temperate Eastern Pacific, primarily
  • Island (s)
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • South Temperate (Peruvian Province )
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
IUCN Red List
  • Data deficient
  • Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 50
Depth Range Min
  • 10
Depth Range Max
  • 55