Shorefishes of the Eastern Pacific online information system

Español  Contact

Species: Negaprion brevirostris, Lemon shark

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

snout short, wide, round
2 large Ds
teeth narrow, smooth

Negaprion brevirostris (Poey, 1868)

Lemon shark

Body stout; head broad and flat with broad round to bluntly angular snout; eyes round, small, with lower eyelid; no spiracle; lip furrows at corners of mouth; mouth arched, ends well past eye; upper and lower front teeth with a single narrowly triangular straight point, mainly smooth, large fish may have serrations on bases of upper teeth, teeth straight at front, oblique at sides; five gill slits, last two over pectoral; two dorsal fins, first with origin just behind pectoral, second dorsal 80-100% size of first, over anal; no ridge between dorsals; pectorals broad; anal fin large, a little smaller than second dorsal, with strongly notched rear margin; pit on top of tail base is longitudinal, straight; tail fin strongly asymmetrical, lower lobe of tail well developed, upper lobe with undulating ridge along its top edge, and a notch under its tip, pits at its base.

Pale yellow brown on back and sides, yellowish or whitish below.

Attains about 340 cm; size at birth 60-65 cm.

A common inshore shark seen in a variety of habitats including rocky reefs, estuaries, and river mouths (may enter fresh water).

Depth: 0-90 m.

Tropical waters of the Atlantic and eastern Pacific; the Gulf of California to Peru.

High Resolution Map Download

Species Data Create Report Export as Word File Export as Excel File
  • Marine
  • Brackish
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Near Bottom
  • Mid Water
  • Bottom
  • Bottom + water column
  • Mud
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Sand & gravel
  • Rocks
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Reef and soft bottom
  • Estuary
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Water column
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Data
  • Carnivore
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Sea snakes/mammals/turtles/birds
Egg Type
  • No data
  • No pelagic larva
  • Live birth
Global Endemism
  • East Pacific + all Atlantic (East+West)
  • East Pacific + Atlantic (East +/or West)
  • TEP non-endemic
  • All species
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • Continent only
  • Eastern Pacific non-endemic
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
  • Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap)
  • North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California)
  • Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos)
  • South Temperate (Peruvian Province )
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Near threatened
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 340
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 90